Lit Review

[Works cited in relation to internationalization]

Adnett, N. (2010). The growth of international students and economic development: Friends or foes? Journal of Education Policy, 25(5), 625-637.

Agnew, M. (2012). A false dichotomy of serving either the local or the global community and its impact on internationalisation of the university. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 34(5), 473-489.

Alcoff, L. M. (2007). Mignolo's epistemology of coloniality. CR: The New Centennial Review, 7(3), 79-101.

Alvarado, L. A. (2010). Dispelling the meritocracy myth: Lessons for higher education and student affairs educators. The Vermont Connection, 31, 10-20.

Altbach, P. (2004). Globalisation and the university: Myths and realities in an unequal world. Tertiary Education and Management, 10(1), 3-25.

Altbach, P., & Knight, J. (2007). The internationalization of higher education: Motivations and realities. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3-4), 290-305.

American Council on Education. (2002). Beyond September 11: A comprehensive national policy on international education. Washington, D.C.: American Council on Education, Center for Institutional and International Initiatives.

Andreotti, V., Ahenakew, C., & Cooper, G. (2011). Epistemological pluralism: Ethical and pedagogical challenges in higher education.

Baillie Smith, M., & Laurie, N. (2011). International volunteering and development: Global citizenship and neoliberal professionalisation today. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 36(4), 545-559.

Bascara, V. (2014). New empire, same old university? Education in the American tropics after 1898. In P. Chatterjee, & S. Maira. The imperial university: Academic repression and scholarly dissent, (pp. 53-77). Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Blanco Ramírez, G. (2014). Trading quality across borders: colonial discourse and international quality assurance policies in higher education. Tertiary Education and Management, 20(2), 121-134.

Boden, R., & Epstein. D. (2006). Managing the research imagination? Globalisation and research in higher education. Globalisation, Societies and Eduation, 4(2), 223-236.

Bolsmann, C., & Miller, H. (2008). International student recruitment to universities in England: Discourse, rationales and globalisation. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 6(1), 75-88.

Brandenburg, U., & de Wit, H. (2011). The end of internationalization. International Higher Education, 62(Winter), 15-17.

Braskamp, L. A. (2008). Developing global citizens. Journal of College and Character, 10(1), 1-5.

Braskamp, L. A. (2010). Being effective interventionists to foster student global citizenship. Journal of College and Character, 11(1).

Brennan, J., & Naidoo, R. (2008). Higher education and the achievement (and/or prevention) of equity and social justice. Higher Education, 56(3), 287-302.

Brown, L., & Jones, I. (2013). Encounters with racism and the international student experience. Studies in Higher Education, 38(7), 1004-1019.

Brown, P. & Tannock. S. (2009). Education, meritocracy and the global war for talent. Journal of Education Policy, 24 (4), 377-392.

Brustein, W. I.  (2007).  The global campus: Challenges and opportunities for higher
education in North America.  Journal of Studies in International Education, 11, 382-391.

Bryan, A. (2013). ‘The impulse to help’: (Post) humanitarianism in an era of the ‘new’ development advocacy. International Journal of Development Education and Global Learning, 5(2), 5-29.

Bu, L. (2003). Making the world like us: Education, cultural expansion, and the American century. Praeger Publishers.

Busingye, J., & Keim, W. (2009). The political battlefield: Negotiating space to protect indigenous and traditional knowledge under capitalism. International Social Science Journal, 60(195), 37-54.

Butin, D. W. (2007). Justice-learning: Service-learning as justice-oriented education. Equity & Excellence in Education, 40(2), 177-183.

Callan, H. (2000). Higher education internationalization strategies: Of marginal significance or all-pervasive? The international vision in practice: A decade of evolution. Higher Education in Europe, 25(1), 15-23.

Campbell, H., & Murrey, A. (2014). Culture-centric pre-emptive counterinsurgency and US Africa Command: assessing the role of the US social sciences in US military engagements in Africa. Third World Quarterly, 35(8), 1457-1475.

Cantwell, B. & Lee, J. J. (2010). Unseen workers in the academic factory: Perceptions of neoracism among international postdoctorates in the United States and the United Kingdom. Harvard Educational Review, 80(4), 490-516.

Cantwell, B., & Maldonado-Maldonado, A. (2009). Four stories: Confronting contemporary ideas about globalisation and internationalisation in higher education.
Globalisation, Societies and Education, 7(3), 289-306.

Chatterjee, P., & Maira, S. (2014). The imperial university. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Chellaraj, G., Maskus, K. E., & Mattoo, A. (2008). The contribution of international graduate students to US innovation. Review of International Economics, 16(3), 444-462.

Childress, L. K. (2009). Internationalization plans for higher education institutions. Journal of Studies in International Education, 13(3), 289-309.

Clifford, V. A. (2009). Engaging the disciplines in internationalising the curriculum. International Journal for Academic Development, 14(2), 133-143.

Clifford, V., & Montgomery, C. (2014). Challenging conceptions of Western higher education and promoting graduates as global citizens. Higher Education Quarterly, 68(1), 28-45.

Collins, C. S. (2012). Land-grant extension as a global endeavor: Connecting knowledge and international development. The Review of Higher Education, 36(1), 91-124.

Collins, C.A. & Rhoads, R. A. (2010).  The World Bank, support for universities, and asymmetrical power relations in international development. Higher Education, 59, 181-205.

Costello, A., & Zumla, A. (2000). Moving to research partnerships in developing countries. BMJ: British Medical Journal, 321(7264), 827.

Cumings, B. (1993). Boundary displacement: Area studies and international studies during and after the Cold War. Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars. Retrieved from

Currie, J. K., & Newson, J. (Eds.). (1998). Universities and globalization: Critical perspectives. Sage publications.

de Wit, H. (2002). Internationalization of higher education in the United States of America and Europe: A historical, comparative, and conceptual analysis.             Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

de Wit, H. (2014). The different faces and phases of internationalisation of higher education. In A. Maldonado-Maldonado and R.M. Bassett (Eds.), The forefront of international higher education: A Festschrift in honor of Philip G. Altbach (pp. 89-99). Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media.

De Lissovoy, N. (2010). Decolonial pedagogy and the ethics of the global. Discourse: Studies in the cultural Politics of Education, 31(3), 279-293.

Deem, R., Mok, K. H., & Lucas, L. (2008). Transforming higher education in whose image? Exploring the concept of the ‘world-class’ university in Europe and Asia. Higher Education Policy, 21, 83-97.

Department of Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development (DFATD) (2014). Canada’s international education strategy: Harnessing our knowledge advantage to drive innovation and prosperity. Retrieved from

Dixon, M. (2006). Globalisation and international higher education: Contested positionings. Journal of Studies in International Education, 10(4), 319-333.

Dodds, A. (2008). How does globalization interact with higher education? The continuing lack of consensus. Comparative Education, 44(4), 505-517.

Doherty, C., & Singh, P. (2005). How the West is done: Simulating Western pedagogy in a curriculum for Asian international students. In P. Ninnes & M. Hellsten (Eds.) Internationalizing higher education: Critical explorations of pedagogy and policy, (pp. 53-73). Springer Netherlands.

Dolby, N., & Rahman, A. (2008). Research in international education. Review of Educational Research, 78(3), 676-726.

Dolby. N. (2007). Reflections on a nation. Journal of Studies in International Education 11(2), 141-156.

Dudley, J. (1998). Globalization and education policy in Australia. In J. Currie & J. Newson (Eds.), Universities and globalization: Critical perspectives. Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications.

Dussel, E. (2013). Agenda for a South-South philosophical dialogue. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 11(1), 3.

Enslin, P., & Hedge, N. (2008). International students, export earnings and the demands of global justice. Ethics and Education, 3(2), 107-119.

Forbes-Mewett, H., & Nyland, C. (2013). Funding international student support services: Tension and power in the university. Higher Education, 65(2), 181-192.

Fregoso, R. L. (2014). For a pluriversal declaration of human rights. American Quarterly, 66(3), 583-608.

Gacel-Avila, J. (2005). The internationalisation of higher education: A paradigm for global citizenry. Journal of Studies in International Education, 9(2), 121-136.

Gaffikin, F., & Perry, D. C. (2009). Discourses and strategic visions: The U.S. research university as an institutional manifestation of neoliberalism in a global era. American Educational Research Journal, 46(1), 115-144.

Gale, T., & Tranter, D. (2011). Social justice in Australian higher education policy: an historical and conceptual account of student participation. Critical Studies in Education, 52(1), 29 – 46.

George-Jackson, C. E. (2008). The Spellings Commission on the Future of Higher Education: Global competitiveness as a motivation for postsecondary reform. Higher Education Review, 5, 68-73.

Goastellec, G. (2010). Small world: Access to higher education between methodological nationalism and international organisations. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 8(2), 283-293.

Goldstein, S. B., & Kim, R. I. (2006). Predictors of US college students' participation in study abroad programs: A longitudinal study. International Journal of
Intercultural Relations, 30(4), 507-521.

Gonzalez, G. (1982). Imperial reform in the neo-colonies: The University of California's Basic Plan for Higher Education in Colombia. Journal of Education, 330-350.

Goodwin, C. D., & Nacht, M. (2009). Missing the boat: The failure to internationalize American higher education. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grebennikov, L., & Skaines, I. (2007). Comparative analysis of student surveys on international student experience in higher education. Journal of Institutional Research, 13(1), 97-116.

Groennings, S. (1997). The Fulbright Program in the global knowledge economy: the nation's neglected comparative advantage. Journal of Studies in International Education, 1(1), 95-105.

Grosfoguel, R. (2012). Decolonizing Western uni-versalisms: Decolonial pluri-versalism from Aimé Césaire to the Aapatistas. Transmodernity: Journal of Peripheral Cultural Production of the Luso-Hispanic World, 1(3), 88-104.

Grosfoguel, R. (2013). The structure of knowledge in Westernized universities. Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge, 11(1).

Haigh, M. (2008). Internationalization, planetary citizenship and Higher Education Inc. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 38(4), 427-440.

Handa, N. (2010). International students and international education: Recognising WES students’ agency for educating citizens of a cosmopolitan society. In L. Naidoo (Ed.), Education without borders: Diversity in a cosmopolitan society, (pp. 61-78). Nova Publishers.

Hansen, H. M. (2002). Defining international education. New Directions for Higher Education, 2002(117), 5-12.

Hartmann, E. (2010). The new research agenda in critical higher education studies. Globalisation, Societies & Education, 8(2), 169-173.

Hong, G. K. (2008). "The future of our worlds": Black feminism and the politics of knowledge in the university under globalization. Meridians: Feminism, Race, Transnationalism, 8(2), 95-115.

Hudzik, J., & Stohl, M. (2012). Comprehensive and strategic internationalization of US higher education. The SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education, 61.

HughesWarrington, M. (2012). The ethics of internationalisation in higher education: Hospitality, selfpresence and ‘being late’. Educational Philosophy and Theory, 44(3), 312-322.

Huisman, J. (2007, July). Research on the internationalisation of higher education: The state of the art. Paper presented at the Seminar on the Internationalisation of Higher Education, Department of Education, University of Bath.

Jefferess, D. (2008). Global citizenship and the cultural politics of benevolence. Critical Literacy: Theories and Practices, 2(1), 27-36.

Jefferess, D. (2012). The ‘me to we’ social enterprise: Global education as lifestyle brand. Critical Literacy: Theories and Practices, 6(1), 18-30.

Johnstone, D. B. (1992). The university, democracy, and the challenge to meritocracy. Interchange, 23(1-2), 19-23.

Johnstone, M. & Lee, E. (2014). Branded: International education and 21st century Canadian education policy, and the welfare state. International Social Work, 57(3), 209-221.

Jorgenson, S. & Shultz, L. (2012). Global citizenship education (GCE) in post­secondary institutions: What is protected and what is hidden under the umbrella of GCE? Journal of Global Citizenship & Equity Education, 2(1), 1­22.

Kalvemark, T., & Wende, M. V. D. (1997). National policies for the
internationalization of higher education in Europe. Stockholm, Sweden: National
Agency for Higher Education.

Kamola, I. (2014). US universities and the production of the global imaginary. The British Journal of Politics & International Relations, 16(3), 515-533.

Kay, S. (2009). From Sputnik to Minerva: education and American national security. Defense Horizons, 65, 1-8. Center for Technology and National Security Policy.

Kehm, B. M., & Teichler, U. (2007). Research on internationalisation in higher education. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11, 260-273.

Kelly, P. (2000). Internationalizing the curriculum: For profit or planet. In, S. Inayatullah and J. Gidley (Eds.) The university in transformation: Global perspectives on the futures of the university (pp. 161-172). Westport: Bergin and Harvey. 

Kerr, C. (1991). International learning and national purposes in higher education. The American Behavioral Scientist, 35(1), 17-42.

Khoo, S. (2011). Ethical globalisation or privileged globalisation or privileged internationalisation? Exploring global citizenship and internationalisation in Irish and Canadian universities. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 9(3-4), 337-353.

Knight, J. (1994). Internationalization: Elements and checkpoints. Canadian Bureau for International Education Research, 7, 1-15.

Knight, J. (2004). Internationalization remodeled: Definition, approaches, and rationales. Journal of Studies in International Education, 8(1), 5-31.

Knight, J. (2014). Is internationalisation of higher education having an identity crisis? In A. Maldonado-Maldonado and R.M. Bassett (Eds.), The forefront of international higher education: A Festschrift in honor of Philip G. Altbach (pp. 75-87). Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media.

Kramer, P. A. (2009). Is the world our campus? International students and US global power in the Long Twentieth Century. Diplomatic History, 33(5), 775-806.

Kumbamu, A. (2009). The global knowledge encounter: a sociological analysis of the introduction of genetically modified seed in Warangal, India. International Social Science Journal, 60(195), 25-36.

Kuokkanen, R. (2008). What is hospitality in the academy? Epistemic ignorance and the (im) possible gift. The Review of Education, Pedagogy, and Cultural Studies, 30(1), 60-82.

Lee, C. T. (2014). Decolonizing global citizenship. In E. F. Isin, & P Nyers (Eds.), Routledge handbook of global citizenship studies (pp. 75-95). Routledge: Oxon and New York.

Lee, J. J. (2006). Global citizenship: Extending students' knowledge and action to the global context. Journal of College and Character, 7(1), 1-5.

Lee, J.J. & Opio, T. (2011). Coming to America: Challenges and difficulties faced by African international student athletes. Sport, Education and Society, 16(5), 629-644.

Lee, J. J., Maldonado-Maldonado, A., & Rhoades, G. (2006). The political economy of international student flows: Patterns, ideas, and propositions. Higher Education, 545-590.

Lee, J. L., & Kim, D. (2010) Brain gain or brain circulation? U.S. doctoral recipients returning to South Korea. Higher Education, 59, 627–643

Lee, J. & Rice, C. (2007). Welcome to America? International student perceptions of discrimination. Higher Education, 53(3): 381-409.

Levy, D. C. (2008). To export progress: The golden age of university assistance in the Americas.

Luke, A. (2010). Educating the Other: Standpoint and theory in the ‘internationalization’ of higher education. In E. Unterhalter & V. Carpentier, (Eds.), Global inequalities in higher education: Whose interests are we serving? (pp. 43-65). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Madge, C., Raghuram, P., & Noxolo, P. (ahead of print). Conceptualizing international education From international student to international study. Progress in Human Geography.

Magnusson, J.-L. (2000). Examining higher education and citizenship in a global context of neoliberal restructuring. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 32, 72–88.

Malaney, G. D. (2006). Educating for civic engagement, social activism, and political dissent: Adding the study of neoliberalism and imperialism to the student affairs curriculum. Journal of College and Character, 7(4), 1-15.

Marginson, S. (2006). Dynamics of national and global competition in higher education. Higher Education, 52(1), 1-39.

Marginson, S. (2007). The public/private divide in higher education: A global revision. Higher Education, 53(3), 307-333.

Marginson, S. (2008). Global field and global imagining: Bourdieu and worldwide higher education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 29(3), 303-315.

Marginson, S. (2012). Including the other: Regulation of the human rights of mobile students in a nation-bound world. Higher Education, 63(4), 497-512.

Marginson, S., & Rhoades, G. (2002). Beyond national states, markets, and systems of higher education: A glonacal agency heuristic. Higher Education, 43(3), 281-­309.

Marginson, S., & Sawir, E. (2005). Interrogating global flows in higher education. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 3(3), 281-309.

Marker, M. (2004). Theories and disciplines as sites of struggle: The reproduction of colonial dominance through the controlling of knowledge in the academy. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 28(1&2), 102-110.

Mather, P. C., & Konkle, E. (2013). Promoting social justice through appreciative community service. New Directions for Student Services, 2013(143), 77-88.

Matus, C, & Talburt, S. (2009). Spatial imaginaries: Universities, internationalisation and feminist geographies. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education 30(4), 515-527.

McGregor, A. & Hill, D. (2009). North / South. In R. Kitchin, & N. Thrift (Eds.), International encyclopedia for human geography, Volume 1 (pp. 473-480). Oxford: Elsevier.

McMahon, W. W. (2009). Higher learning, greater good: The private and social benefits of higher education. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

McNamee, S. J., & Miller, R. K. (2004). The meritocracy myth. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Metcalfe, A. S. & Fenwick, T. (2009). Knowledge for whose society? Knowledge production, higher education, and federal policy in Canada. Higher Education, 57(2), 209-225.

Metcalfe, A. S., Stein, S., & Chauhan, J. (December, 2014). Theorizing an anti-racist pedagogy of place for critical internationalization studies. Comparative and International Education Society of Canada (CIESC) West Coast Networking Conference in Vancouver, BC.

Mignolo, W. (2003). Globalization and the geopolitics of knowledge: The role of the humanities in the corporate university. Nepantla: Views from South, 4(1), 97-119.

Mignolo, W. D. (2006). Citizenship, knowledge, and the limits of humanity. American Literary History, 18(2), 312-331.

Miyoshi, M. (2005). The university, the universe, the world, and “globalization”. Concrescence, 6.

Morais, D. B., & Ogden, A. C. (2011). Initial development and validation of the global citizenship scale. Journal of Studies in International Education, 15(5), 445-466.

Naidoo, R. (2010). Global learning in a neoliberal age: Implications for development. In E. Unterhalter & V. Carpentier, (Eds.), Global inequalities in higher education: Whose interests are we serving? (pp. 66-90). London: Palgrave Macmillan.

Nandy, A. (2000). Recovery of indigenous knowledge and dissenting futures of the university. In S. Inayatullah and J. Gidley (Eds.) The university in transformation: Global perspectives on the futures of the university (pp. 115-123). Westport: Bergin and Harvey. 

Nokkala, T. (2006). Knowledge society discourse in internationalization of higher education. Revista Española de Educación Comparada, 12, 171-201.

Nussbaum, M. (2002). Education for citizenship in an era of global connection. Studies in Philosophy and Education, 21(4-5), 289-303.

OECD. (2014). Education at a glance 2014: Highlights. OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

O’Mara, M. (2012). The uses of the foreign student. Social Science History, 36(4), 583-615.

Ogden, A. (2008). The view from the veranda: Understanding today's colonial student. Frontiers: The Interdisciplinary Journal of Study Abroad, 15, 35-55.

Osei-Kofi, N., Shahjahan, R. A., & Patton, L. D. (2010). Centering social justice in the study of higher education: The challenges and possibilities for institutional change. Equity & Excellence in Education, 43(3), 326-340

Owens, D. L., Srivastava, P., & Feerasta, A. (2011). Viewing international students as state stimulus potential: current perceptions and future possibilities. Journal of Marketing for Higher Education, 21(2), 157-179.

Ozga, J. & Jones, R. (2006). Travelling and embedded policy: The case of knowledge
transfer. Journal of Education Policy, 21(1), 1-17.

Ozturgut, O. (2013). Best practices in recruiting and retaining international students in the US. Current Issues in Education, 16(2).

Paik, A. N. (2013). Education and empire, old and new: HR 3077 and the resurgence of the US university. Cultural Dynamics, 25(1), 3-28.

Peterson, A. P. (2011). Academic conceptions of a United States Peace Corps. History of Education, 40(2), 229-240.

Phillips, A. R. (2014). A qualitative exploration of critical approaches to social justice in student affairs. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University.

Ramirez, F. O., & Meyer, J. W. (2013). Universalizing the university in a world society. In Institutionalization of world-class university in global competition (pp. 257-273). Springer Netherlands.

Rhee, J. E. (2009). International education, the new imperialism, and technologies of the self: Branding the globally educated elite. Multicultural Education Review, 1(1).

Rhee, J., & Sagaria, M. A. D. (2004). International students: Constructions ofimperialism in the "Chronicle of Higher Education.” Review of Higher Education, 28(1), 77-96.

Rhoads, R. A., & Szelényi, K. (2011). Global citizenship and the university: Advancing social life and relations in an interdependent world. Stanford University Press.

Rizvi, F. (2009a). Postcolonialism and globalization in education. In R.S. Coloma (Ed.), Postcolonial challenges in education. New York and Washington, DC: Peter Lang.

Rizvi, F. (2009b). Towards cosmopolitan learning. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 30(3), 253-268.

Rizvi, F., & Lingard, B. (2010). Globalizing education policy. London: Routledge.

Robertson, S., Bonal, X., & Dale, R. (2002). GATS and the education service industry: The politics of scale and global reterritorialisation. Comparitve Education Review, 46(4), 472-496.

Roshanvaran, S. (2012). Staying home while studying abroad: Anti-imperial praxis for globalizing feminist visions. Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 2, 1-23.

Roy, A. (2006). Praxis in the time of empire. Planning Theory, 5(1), 7-29.

Ruther, N. L. (2002). Barely there, powerfully present: Years of US policy on international higher education. Routledge.

Sachs, J. D. (2005). The end of poverty: Economic possibilities of our time. New York: Penguin Books.

Said, E. (1978). Orientalism: Western representations of the Orient. New York: Pantheon.

Salisbury, M.H., Paulsen, M.B., & Pascarella, E.T. (2011). Why do all the study abroad students look alike? Applying an integrated student choice model to explore differences in the factors that influence white and minority students' intent to study abroad. Research in Higher Education 52(2):123-150.

Salmi, J. (2009). The challenges of establishing world-class universities. Washington, DC: The World Bank

Sawir, E. (2013). Internationalisation of higher education curriculum: The contribution of international students. Globalisation, Societies and Education,11(3), 359-378.

Schoorman, D., & Acker-Hocevar, M. (2010). Viewing faculty governance within a social justice framework: Struggles and possibilities for democratic decision-making in higher education. Equity & Excellence in Education, 43(3), 310-325.

Scott, P. (2000). Globalization and higher education: Challenges for the 21st century. Journal of Studies in International Education, 4(3), 3-10.

Shahjahan, R. A. (2013). Coloniality and a global testing regime in higher education: unpacking the OECD’s AHELO initiative. Journal of Education Policy, 28(5), 676-694.

Shultz, L. (2015). Claiming to be global: An exploration of ethical, political, and justice questions. Comparative and International Education/Éducation Comparée et Internationale, 44(1).

Sidhu, R. K. (2006). Universities and globalization: To market, to market. Routledge.

Sin, H. L. (2009). Volunteer tourism—“involve me and I will learn”? Annals of Tourism Research, 36(3), 480-501.

Singh, M. (2011). The place of social justice in higher education and social change discourses. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 41(4), 481-494.

Smith, L. T. (2012). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and Indigenous peoples. London: Zed Books.

Spivak, G. C. (1990). The post-colonial critic: Interviews, strategies, dialogues. Routledge: New York.

Spivak, G. C. (1999). A critique of postcolonial reason. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Spivak, G. (2004). Righting wrongs. The South Atlantic Quarterly, 103(2/3), 523-581.

Spring, J. (2008). Research on globalization and education. Review of Educational Research, 78(2), 330-363.

Stehr, N., & Ufer, U. (2009). On the global distribution and dissemination of knowledge. International Social Science Journal, 60(195), 7-24.

Stevens, M. L., & Miller-Idriss, C. (2009). Academic internationalism: US universities in Transition. Social Science Research Council.

Stiglitz, J. E. (1999). Knowledge as a global public good. Global public goods, 1(9), 308-326.

Stier, J. (2004). Taking a critical stance toward internationalization ideologies in higher education: Idealism, instrumentalism and educationalism. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 2(1), 83-97.

Stier, J. (2010). International education: Trends, ideologies and alternative pedagogical approaches. Globalisation, Societies and Education, 8(3), 339-349.

Stone-Mediatore, S. (2011). A not-so-global ethics: Contradictions in U.S. global ethics education. Philosophy in the Contemporary World, 18(1), 43-57.

Stromquist, N. P. (2007). Internationalization as response to globalization: Radical shifts in university environments. Higher Education, 53, 81-105.

Suspitsyna, T. (2012). Higher education for economic advancement and engaged citizenship: An analysis of the US Department of Education discourse. The Journal of Higher Education, 83(1), 49-72.

Suspitsyna, T. (2015). Cultural hierarchies in the discursive representations of China in the Chronicle of Higher Education. Critical Studies in Education, 56(1), 21-37.

Svensson, L., & Wihlborg, M. (2010). Internationalising the content of higher education: The need for a curriculum perspective. Higher Education, 60(6), 595613.

Tannock, S. (2009). Global meritocracy, nationalism and the question of whom we must treat equally for educational opportunity to be equal, Critical Studies in Education, 50(2), 201-211.

Tannock, S. (2013). When the demand for educational equality stops at the border: wealthy students, international students and the restructuring of higher education in the UK, Journal of Education Policy, 28(4), 449-464.

Tarrant, M. A. (2010). A conceptual framework for exploring the role of studies abroad in nurturing global citizenship. Journal of Studies in International Education, 14(5), 433-451.

Teichler, U. (2010). Internationalising higher education: Debates and changes in Europe. In D. Mattheou (Ed.), Changing educational landscapes: Educational policies, schooling systems and higher education – A comparative perspective (pp. 263-283). Springer Netherlands.

Tikly, L. P. (2004). Education and the new imperialism. Comparative Education, 40(2), 173-198.

Trilokekar, R. D. (2010). International education as soft power? The contributions and challenges of Canadian foreign policy to the internationalization of higher education. Higher Education, 59(2), 131-147.

Trilokekar, R. D. (2015). From soft power to economic diplomacy? A comparison of the changing rationales and roles of the U.S. and Canadian federal governments in international education. Research & Occasional Paper Series. Berkeley: University of Berkeley Center for Studies in Higher Education.

Trilokekar, R. D. & Kizilbash, Z. (2013). Imagine: Canada as a leader in international education. How can Canada benefit from the Australian experience? Canadian Journal of Higher Education, 43(2), 1-26.

Turner, Y., & Robson, S. (2007). Competitive and cooperative impulses to internationalization: Reflecting on the interplay between management intentions and the experience of academics in a British university. Education, Knowledge & Economy: A Journal for Education and Social Enterprise, 1(1), 65-82.

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